A Beginner’s Glossary of Basic Roofing Terms
If you’re a homeowner or business owner who doesn’t work in the roofing industry but is looking to work with a roofing company, there may be some confusing terminology thrown around. To help you better understand your roofers and make an educated decision regarding your roofing project, check out this glossary of basic roofing terms.
Common Roofing Terms
A strip of material (typically metal) installed along the roof edges so water won’t drip onto the eaves, siding, or deck.
A structure that protrudes from the plane of the roof slope, often with the addition of windows.
Material (often made of sheet metal) designed to waterproof the area around projections such as chimneys, vent pipes, and valleys.
Crushed rock with ceramic coating that’s used to surface shingles.
The practice of sealing shingles by hand, which may be necessary on steep roofs or homes built in high wind or cold weather areas.
A roof in which four separate roof planes all come together at the top. Square hip roofs look like pyramids, but hip roofs are also found on rectangular homes.
Ice dams occur when melted snow refreezes near the overhang of a roof, blocking the path for water run off and building up a heavy wall of ice.
The strength of a roofing material against damages from falling objects, foot traffic, or construction equipment.
Individual shingles that fasten together to provide superior wind uplift resistance.
A four-sided roof with two steep roof planes that meets with a flat plane on the top, often punctured with dormers.
This refers to the material that functions as waterproofing. It is usually employed on nearly flat or completely flat roofs to prevent leaks and move water off the roof itself.
Anything that passes through the surface of the roof, such as chimneys, vents, or pipes.
100 square feet (10 feet by 10 feet), a common measurement for roof area.
The process of removing existing roof materials down to the roof deck.
Area in which two roof planes meet and form a V-shaped dip.